The city of Matera is considered one of the oldest cities in the world.
Matera the City of Sassi. The urban center of the city of Matera has developed starting from the natural caves carved into the rock and then modeled into structures within two large natural Amphitheatres such as: Il Sasso Caveoso and the Sasso Barisano, hence the name Città dei Sassi. The city of Matera is considered one of the oldest cities in the world. In 1993 the UNESCO declared the Sassi of Matera the world heritage of humanity, in fact the Sassi of Matera today are the sixth site in Italy in chronological order and the first in the south. Subsequently, in 2014 Matera was designated European Capital of Culture for 2019.
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